OBC and SC/ST Reservation in Central Government Jobs – A comparison
With regard to a query raised in Rajya Sabha, on OBCs and SC/ST Reservation in Central Government Jobs, Minister of Peronnel, Pensioners’ Grievances & Pensoners welfare Shri.V.Narayanasamy replied the following.
GOVERNMENT OF INDIAMINISTRY OF PERSONNEL,PUBLIC GRIEVANCES AND PENSIONSRAJYA SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO-3040ANSWERED ON-20.12.2012OBCs in Government jobs
Queried by : 3040 . DR. GYAN PRAKASH PILANIA
(a) the statistics regarding employment of Other Backaward Classes (OBCs) (number/percentage) in Central Government Jobs – Groups A to D;
(b) whether this scenario is negation of 27 per cent reservation of OBCs, as mandated by Government since 8 September, 1993;
(c) if so, the reasons therefor;
(d) in what matter the above statistics compare with SC/ST reservations; and
(e) the steps being taken to fill-up backlog and time-frame thereof?
Minister of State in the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions and Minister of State in the Prime Minister’s Office. (SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY)
(a): As per information received from various Ministries/ Departments, the Group- wise representation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in Central Government services as on 1.1.2011 is as under:-
Groups Number of OBCs Percentage of OBCs A 5357 6.9 B 13,897 7.3 C 3,46,433 15.3 (erstwhile) D 81,468 17.0(b) to (d): Reservation to Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in Central Government services is provided at the rate of 27% in case of direct recruitment on all India basis by open competition. In case of direct recruitment on all India basis, other than by open competition, reservation for OBCs is provided at the rate of 25.84%.Representation of OBCs is still low for the reason that reservation for them started only in September, 1993. Moreover, those OBCs recruited before 1993 have not shown themselves as OBCs since the reservation was not available to them before 1993, and they were recruited/ appointed as general candidates. There is no reservation for OBCs in promotion.Reservation to SCs in Direct Recruitment is available since 1947. Whereas, reservation for STs in direct recruitment was introduced from 1950. The provision of reservation in promotion for SCs/STs is available since 1955.As per information received from various Ministries/ Departments, the representation of SCs, STs and OBCs in posts and services of the Central Government as on 1.1.2011 is as under:-
Group SCs STs OBCs Number % Number % Number % A 8922 11.5 3732 4.8 5357 6.9 B 28403 14.9 11357 6.0 13897 7.3 C 370557 16.4 174562 7.7 346433 15.3 (erstwhile) D 110515 23.0 32791 6.8 81468 17.0(e): A Special Recruitment Drive to fill up the backlog reserved vacancies of SCs, STs and OBCs in services of the Central Government was launched on 19th November, 2008 to fill up all backlogvacancies existing as on 1.11.2008. The drive was extended upto 30.6.2011. The progress of the drive was reviewed on 1st July, 2011 and it was decided to re-launch the drive so as to fill up the remaining identified backlog vacancies by 31.03.2012. As reported by the Ministries/Departments so far, the backlog vis-à-vis filled up vacancies of SCs, STs and OBCs is given in the following table:
Source: Rajya Sabha Questions and Answers