Types of Leave applicable to Central Govt Employees as per Leave Rules

casual leave for employees of Civilian Defence Establishments

A brief on all Types of Leave applicable to Central Government Employees as per Leave Rules – Earned Leave, Half Pay Leave, Commuted Leave, Leave Not Due, Maternity Leave, Paternity Leave, Study Leave, Extraordinary Leave, Chile Care Leave and More

1. Earned Leave:-   Earned Leave is ‘earned’ by duty. The credit for earn leave will awarded at a rate of 15 days on the 1st of January and 1st of July every year. It can be accumulated up to 300 days in addition to the number of days for which encashment has been allowed along with LTC. Maximum of 180 days at a time can be availed in the case of Earned Leave.

2. Half Pay Leave :-  All Government servants are entitled to 20 days of HPL for every completed year of service. Half pay leave is calculated at 20 days for each completed year of service. For eg, if you are in service for 2 years , you will be having a total of 40 days of half pay leave. The service includes periods of duty and leave including extraordinary leave with or without MC. Half pay leave can be availed with or without MC(Medical Certificate). From 1st January 1986, half pay leave is credited in advance at the rate of 10 days on the 1st of January and 1st of July every year.

3.Commuted Leave:-   This Leave is granted on medical certificate normally. Commuted leave not exceeding half the amount of half-pay leave due can be taken on medical certificate. Up to a maximum of 90 days can be taken during the entire service without medical certificate where such leave is utilized for an approved course of study certified to be in university interest.
It can be taken  up to a maximum of 60 days can be granted to a female employee in continuation of maternity leave without medical certificate and upto a maximum of 60 days can be granted without medical certificate to a female employee with less than two living children, on adoption of a child less than one year old. Commuted leave may be granted at the request of the employee even when earned leave is due to him.

Types of Leave applicable to Central Government Employees4. Leave Not Due:-  This Leave is also granted on medical certificate normally. Leave not due is granted when there is no half-pay leave at credit and the employee requests for the grant of Leave Not Due. It is granted only medical certificate  if the leave sanctioning authority is satisfied that there is a reasonable prospect of the employee returning to duty on its expiry.  It may be granted without medical certificate in continuation of maternity leave, and may be granted without medical certificate to a female employee with less than two living children, on adoption of a child less than one year old. The amount of leave should be limited to the half-pay leave that the employee is likely to earn subsequently. Leave not due during the entire service is limited to a maximum of 360 days and  due will be debited against the half-pay leave that the employee may earn subsequently.

5. Maternity Leave :-  Maternity leave is granted to women government employees.
1) Pregnancy: 180 days – Admissible only to employees with less than two surviving children.
2) Miscarriage/abortion (induced or otherwise): Total of 45 days in the entire service. However, any such leave taken prior to 16.6.1994 will not be taken into account for this limitation. Admissible irrespective of number of surviving children. Application to be supported by a certificate from a registered medical practitioner for NGOs and from AMA for GOs.
The maternity leave is not debited to leave account and full pay is granted. It cannot be combined with any other leaves and counts as service for increments and pension.

6. Paternity Leave :- A male employee with less than two surviving children may be granted Paternity Leave for a period of 15 days during the confinement of his wife. During the period of such leave he shall be paid leave salary equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on leave. Paternity Leave shall not be debited against the leave account and may be combined with other kind of leave as in the case of Maternity Leave.

7. Study Leave:- Study leave may be granted to all government employees with not less than five years’ service for undergoing a special course consisting of higher studies or specialized training in a professional or technical subject having a direct and close connection with the sphere of his duties as a civil servant.

       The course for which the study leave is taken should be certified to be of definite advantage to govt from the point of view of public interest and that particular study should be approved by the authority competent to grant leave.

       The official should submit a full report on the work done during study leave. Maximum of 24 months of leave is sanctioned. In the case of CHS officers 36 months of leave can be granted at a stretch or in different spells.

      Study leave will not be debited to the leave account and may be combined with other leave due. Study leave is not granted for studies outside India if facilities are available in India and to an official due to retire within 3 years of return from the study leave.

8. Extra Ordinary Leave :- Extraordinary leave is granted to a Government servant when no other leave is admissible or when other leave is admissible, but the Government servant applies in writing for extraordinary leave.

Extraordinary leave cannot be availed concurrently during the notice period, when going on voluntary retirement and  EOL may also be granted to regularize periods of absence without leave retrospectively.

9. Casual Leave :- In a calendar year eight days of casual leave is permissible.
Casual leave is not a recognized form of leave and is not subject to any rules made by the Government of India. An official on Casual Leave is not treated as absent from duty and pay is not intermitted.

(i) Casual Leave can be combined with Special Casual Leave/vacation but not with any other kind of leave.
(ii) It cannot be combined with joining time.
(iii) Sundays and Holidays falling during a period of Casual Leave are not counted as part of Casual Leave.
(iv) Sundays/public holidays/restricted holidays/weekly offs can be prefixed/suffixed to Casual Leave.
(v) Casual Leave can be taken while on tour, but no daily allowance will be admissible for the period.
(vi) Casual Leave can be taken for half day also.
(vii) Essentially intended for short periods. It should not normally be granted for more than 5 days at any one time, except under special circumstances.
(viii) LTC can be availed du ring Casual Leave.
(ix) Individuals appointed and joining duty during the middle of a year may avail of Casual Leave proportionately or to the full extent at the discretion of the Competent Authority.

10. Child Care Leave :- Woman employees having minor children may be granted Child Care Leave by an authority competent to grant leave for a maximum period of 730 days (2 years) during their entire service for taking care of up to two children., whether for rearing or to look after any of their needs like examination, sickness, etc..
Conditions for Child Care Leave
1. Child care leave shall not be admissible if the child is eighteen years of age or older equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on leave.
2. It can be availed in more than one spell.
3. It can not be debited against the leave account.
4. It may be combined with leave of the kind due and admissible.

11. Hospital Leave:- Hospital leave is admissible to Group ‘C’ employees whose duties involve handling of dangerous machinery, explosive materials, poisonous drugs and performance of hazardous takes and to Group ‘D’ Employees.
Medical certificate from an authorized medical attendant is necessary for grant of this leave. This hospital leave may be combined with any other kind of leave due and admissible, provided total period of leave does not exceed 28 months.

12. Vacation Department Staff leave Entitlement :- The leave entitlements of employees of Vacation Departments (i.e. departments where regular vacations are allowed during which those serving in them are permitted to be absent from duty) are the same as those serving in non-vacation Departments except in respect of ‘earned leave’.
No earned leave will be admissible to a government servant of a vacation Department in any year in which he avails of the full vacation. The vacation can be combined with casual leave.

13. Special Disability Leave :- Special disability leave admissible to all employees when disabled by injury intentionally or accidentally inflicted or  caused in or in consequence of the due performance of official duties or in consequences of official position. The disability above should have manifested within three months of the occurrence to which it is attributed and the person disabled had acted with due promptitude in bringing it to notice. The leave sanctioning authority, if satisfied as to the cause of the disability, may relax the condition and grant leave in cases where disability has manifested more than three months after the occurrence of its cause.

Special disability leave is also admissible when disabled by illness incurred in the performance of any particular duty, which has the effect of increasing liability to illness or injury beyond the ordinary risk attaching to the civil post held, under the same condition.This disability should be certified by an Authorised Medical Attendant to be directly due to the performance of the particular duty.

Maximum of 24 months of leave may be granted.
May be combined with any other leave.
Will count as service for pension.
Will not be debited to the leave account.

14. Child Adoption Leave:-  Child adoption leave is granted to Female employees, with fewer than two surviving children on valid adoption of a child below the age of one year, for a period of 135 days immediately after the date of valid adoption.

Leave salary will be equal to the pay drawn immediately before proceeding on leave.
It may be combined with leave of any other kind. Leave not debited against the leave account.

15. Leave to Probationers :- A person appointed to a post on probation is entitled to all kinds of leave admissible under the rules to a permanent servants according as his appointment is against a permanent post.

16. Leave to Apprentices :- Apprentices are admissible to leave on medical certificate, on leave salary equivalent to half pay for a period not exceeding one month in any year of apprenticeship

Click here to get all orders and instructions given by DOPT on Leave


  1. my girl childs date of birth is 02-06-1991 i have not availed child care leave will it can be encashed if not why if yes whn

    1. CCL are not encashable. There is no rule regarding CCL under CCS (Leave) Rules 1972 or CCS (RP) Rules 2008

  2. I am working in vacation department under central government.Iworked 20 days,during vacation.In our system total number of days of vacation is 90 days.
    So kindly tell me ,how many E L will be credited in my account.

  3. Dear sir i’m very confused about the “CHILD CARE LEAVE”, kindly reply about, if i’m having one child how many day of total CCL will be credited in my CCL acount. (is it 365 days or 730 days)

  4. Can ccl be combined with casual leave and EL OR MEDICAL LEAVE? mY friend was on CCL,after expiry she was on leave for another 40 days.She wants to convert these extra leaves into CL AND EL(DUE TO CENSUS DUTY). Is that possible?

    1. Yes. When EL is applied relief order has to be made in the AN of the previous day

  5. I am a central Govt. Employee and transferred from one place to another place which is 1998 Kms. and  availed 15 days JT.   My office is 5 working days.  Saturday and Sunday is holiday.  My JT is compled on 12 of the month  i.e. Tuesday.  I have joined on 18 of the month i.e. Monday(FN). My office is closed on Saturday and Sunday. My office have been regularized my 05 days E/leave ( i.e. 1 to 12 (12 days JT) and 13 to 17 (5 days E/L) when 16th and 17th day of the month is Saturday and Sunday.  Kindly advise me that is it correct or not and under which rules   

  6. Sir, I would like to know that the reasons for holiday on every saturday of central Government employees of India Government. Is there rule & regulations for the holiday on every saturday. If so kindly intimate to this email ID.
    Thank u 4 ur incorporation.

  7. Sir kindly answer my 3 questions1)if i got a ssc cgl post how long would be my probotion period. 2)From which month i will be eligible for 3 year study leave? Will i get that?3) can i work in media during this tenure?

  8. I want to know if 20 days had expired then how much maternity leave for dgehs female employee (sajerian)

  9. I am a Postman in Himchal Pradesh and looking for any postman who is willing to come to Himachal by mutual transfer. if any body is interested the please call me at 09210600300

  10. I have a query, I am posted in Tamilnadu Central Excise Group-B service. My wife is working in Delhi on contract basis in a premier govt. social welfare organisation. On this account shall I apply for transfer as my wife is involved in a job of public Interest.

  11. I work in autonomous body in clerical cadre and want to pursue PHD. After inquiring from my department I got to know that I can take study leaves but I have to complete the PHD within the period of two years if not then I have to refund the two year salary to the department. I want to know that how can I pursue my PHD without recovery? What is the rule procedure for extra ordinary leaves. What benefit I will get in study leave/extraordinary leave i.e, salary, medical etc.

  12. I was doing my masters in physical education from BHU. VARANASI. 2 year cource I have completed one year but this year I got selected in postal department as PASBCO. How can I get leave to complete my mped.

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