7th Pay Commission’s recommendations on Persons with disabilities

7th Pay Commission recommends for increasing Special Allowance for Child Care, Transport allowance, Children Education Allowance, hostel subsidy etc for Persons with Disabilities


As per the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995, a “person with disability” means a person suffering from not less than 40 percent of any disability (listed below) as certified by a medical authority.

  • (i) blindness
  • (ii) low vision
  • (iii) leprosy cured
  • (iv) hearing impairment
  • (v) locomotor disability
  • (vi) mental retardation
  • (vii) mental illness.

Nearly 26.8 million Persons with Disabilities (PWDs) live in the country, which is nearly 2.21 percent of the total population.

PWDs in Central Government

  • Government provides 3% reservation in jobs
  • Government providing training, identifying posts suitable for PWDs, free environment workspace, preference in transfer
  • Age relaxation of 10 years (15 years in case of SC/ST, 13 years for OBC) in the upper age limit for direct recruitment to civil posts/services under the Central

Special entitlements given to PWDs

  1. Special Allowance for Child Care for Women with Disabilities at the rate of Rs.1,500 pm;
  2. Transport Allowance at double the normal rate, subject to a minimum of Rs.1,000 pm;
  3. Constant Attendance Allowance for retired employees with 100 percent disablement at the rate of Rs.4,500 per month;
  4. Special Casual Leave for four days in a calendar year for specific requirements relating to disabilities;
  5. Special Casual Leave for ten days in a calendar year for participation in Conferences/ Seminars/Trainings/Workshops related to disability and development.

In case the disability is work related, the following additional provisions are available:
a. Special Disability Leave;

b. Disability Pension;

c. Educational Concession to children of Defence personnel who are disabled in action.
For employees with differently abled children, Children Education Allowance and Hostel Subsidy is granted at double rate.

Demands Associations of employees with disabilities

i. Suitable enhancement in the existing provisions

ii. Provision of Common Room in offices with suitable recreational facilities

iii. Additional rebate in House Building Advance and Automobile Advance

iv. Establishment of Welfare Committees in the ministries

Analysis and Recommendations

Central Government to ensure equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation in society for PWDs, in consonance with the principles enshrined in the Indian Constitution has made provision of appropriate measures for employees with disabilities.

The Commission has made various recommendations regarding PWDs at different places in the report. They are consolidated here for ready reference:
i. In recognition of the singular responsibility faced by differently abled women in raising their children, the Special Allowance for Child Care for Women with Disabilities has been enhanced from the present rate of Rs.1,500 pm to Rs.3,000 pm

ii. Transport Allowance at double the normal rate has been retained, and the minimum amount has been increased from Rs.1,000 pm to Rs.2,250 pm

iii. Children Education Allowance and Hostel Subsidy have been kept at double rate for differently abled children

iv. Constant Attendance Allowance has been enhanced from Rs.4,500 pm to Rs.6,750 pm

v. Special Disability Leave has been subsumed in Work Related Illness and Injury Leave (WRIIL), with improved provisions

vi. Educational Concession, hitherto available only to the children of Defence personnel killed/missing/disabled in action, has been extended to similarly placed personnel of CAPFs, Indian Coast Guard, RPF and police forces of Union Territories mutatis mutandis
7th CPC made few suggestions that can go a long way in improving the working environment for these employees:
i. In our interactions, it has been highlighted that easy access, particularly to toilets, remains an issue of concern. Hence, it is suggested that Guidelines and Space Standard for Barrier Free Built Environment for Disabled and Elderly Persons, issued by CPWD, Ministry of Urban Affairs and Employment, should invariably be followed while designing new government premises. Their application in the existing offices may also be explored.

ii. Every ministry should have a Welfare Committee, with due representation of differently abled employees, to address their concerns.

iii. The grievance redressal machinery should be strengthened and made more effective.

Checkout following links to the details of Pay Commission’s Recommendations on other Topics

Download 7th CPC Report