Deaths Due to Dengue

Press Information Bureau

Government of India Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

27-November-2012 14:52 IST

Deaths Due to Dengue

A statement showing state-wise reported dengue fever cases and deaths during last three years and the current year in the country is enclosed at annexed.

There is no single reason attributable to recorded higher numbers of dengue cases. Dengue is an outbreak prone disease governed by various man-made and environmental factors as under:

  1. (i)                 unprecedented human population growth;
  2. (ii)               unplanned and rapid urbanization;
  3. (iii)            Inadequate waste management;
  4. (iv)             water supply mismanagement including water scarcity/interrupted supply;
  5. (v)               increased distribution and densities of vector mosquitoes due to man-made, ecological and lifestyle changes;
  6. (vi)             Gaps in public health infrastructure,
  7. (vii)           increase mobility of population
  8. (viii)         Poor infrastructure in the States to monitor vector mosquito breeding.

(c)        Government of India has taken the following steps for prevention and control of Dengue in the country:

1. Technical Assistance:

  1. a)      A Long Term Action Plan was formulated and circulated to the State/UTs for implementation in January, 2007.
  2. b)      A Mid Term Plan was developed for prevention and control of Dengue and approved by the Committee of Secretaries on 26-05-11. This plan was also circulated to the State/UTs for implementation.
  3. c)      National guidelines for clinical management of cases have been sent to the States for circulation and use in all hospitals.

2.   The dengue situation in the country is closely monitored and reviewed with the States/UT Government.

  1. a)      Union Health & FW Secretary reviewed the situation in the States with the State Health Secretaries on 12th September, 2012.
  2. b)      Committees of Secretaries (CoS) reviewed the situation through video conferencing in Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Pudducherry, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal on 05th October, 2012.
  3. c)      The Union Minister for Health &FW  reviewed the situation with the State Health Ministers of Delhi and Haryana on 08th October, 2012.
  4. d)     The situation in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry was reviewed by the Union Minister for Health & FW on 12th October, 2012. at Chennai.
  5. e)      A review with Mission Directors, NRHM was undertaken on 31st October, 2012.

3.   In view of the importance of the issue, the Union Health & FW Minister had written on 31st May, 2012 to all CMs of States & UTs to tackle the Dengue problem.  An Advisory was earlier issued by the Union Health & FW Secretary on 26th March, 2012 to all Chief Secretaries and by Director NVBDCP to all Director, Health Services on 28th February, 2012.

4.  Field visits were carried out to assess the preparedness and to provide technical guidance to the States.

5.  Training is imparted to clinicians on case management as per GOI guidelines and to other health care functionaries on programme activities.

6. Diagnostic  Facilities Provided:

(a) For augmenting diagnostic facilities, the numbers of Sentinel Surveillance Hospitals (SSHs) with laboratory support has been increased to 347 across the country from 110 and linked with 14 Apex Referral laboratories with advanced diagnostic facilities for back up support for Dengue across the country.

 (b)ELISA based IgM test kits were provided to these institutes through National Institute of Virology, Pune free of cost. During current year (till 16.11.12), a total of 2312 dengue diagnostic kits (1 Kit= 96 tests) have been provided by Centre to SSHs.

(c) ELISA based NS1 test kits for early detection of cases from 1st day of disease can be procured by the States/UT Governments locally using NRHM/NVBDCP funds.

Annexure

STATE-WISE DENGUE CASES AND DEATHS IN THE COUNTRY

Sl. No.

State

2009

2010

2011

2012  (Prov till 15th Nov)

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

Cases

Deaths

1

Andhra Pd.

1190

11

776

3

1209

6

1734

2

2

Arunachal Pd.

0

0

0

0

0

0

156

1

3

Assam

0

0

237

2

0

0

262

4

4

Bihar

1

0

510

0

21

0

94

0

5

Chhattisgarh

26

7

4

0

313

11

1

0

6

Goa

277

5

242

0

26

0

33

0

7

Gujarat

2461

2

2568

1

1693

9

1461

2

8

Haryana

125

1

866

20

267

3

676

2

9

Himachal Pd.

0

0

3

0

0

0

0

0

10

 J  &  K

2

0

0

0

3

0

16

1

11

Jharkhand

0

0

27

0

36

0

42

0

12

Karnataka

1764

8

2285

7

405

5

3482

21

13

Kerala

1425

6

2597

17

1304

10

3674

13

14

Madhya Pd.

1467

5

175

1

50

0

139

6

15

Meghalaya

0

0

1

0

0

0

11

2

16

Maharashtra

2255

20

1489

5

1138

25

1464

59

17

Manipur

0

0

7

0

220

0

6

0

18

Mizoram

0

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

19

Nagaland

25

0

0

0

3

0

0

0

20

Orissa

0

0

29

5

1816

33

2029

6

21

Punjab

245

1

4012

15

3921

33

621

15

22

Rajasthan

1389

18

1823

9

1072

4

418

0

23

Sikkim

0

0

0

0

2

0

2

0

24

Tamil Nadu

1072

7

2051

8

2501

9

9249

60

25

Uttar Pradesh

168

2

960

8

155

5

184

3

26

Uttrakhand

0

0

178

0

454

5

25

2

27

West Bengal

399

0

805

1

510

0

6067

9

28

A&NIsland

0

0

25

0

6

0

15

0

29

Chandigarh

25

0

221

0

73

0

325

0

30

Delhi

1153

3

6259

8

1131

8

1584

4

31

D&N Haveli

0

0

46

0

68

0

138

1

32

Damand& Diu

0

0

0

0

0

0

50

0

33

Puducherry

66

0

96

0

463

3

1102

3

TOTAL

15535

96

28292

110

18860

169

35066

216

This information was given by Minister of State for Health & Family Welfare Shri Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury in written reply to a  question in the Rajya Sabha

Source: PIB

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