Perquisites covered under Income Tax Act
Perquisites covered under Income Tax Act – Circular 17/2014 dated 10.12.2014
I. The value of rent free accommodation provided to the employee by his employer;
II. The value of any concession in the matter of rent in respect of any accommodation provided to the employee by his employer;
III. The value of any benefit or amenity granted or provided free of cost or at concessional rate in any of the following cases:
i) By a company to an employee who is a director of such company;
ii) By a company to an employee who has a substantial interest in the company;
iii) By an employer (including a company)to an employee, who is not covered by (i) or (ii) above and whose income under the head ―Salaries (whether due from or paid or allowed by one or more employers), exclusive of the value of all benefits and amenities not provided by way of monetary payment, exceeds Rs.50,000/-.
[What constitutes concession in the matter of rent have been prescribed in Explanations 1 to 4 below section 17(2)(ii) of the Act]
IV. Any sum paid by the employer in respect of any obligation which would otherwise have been payable by the assessee.
V. Any sum payable by the employer, whether directly or through a fund, other than a recognized provident fund or an approved superannuation fund or other specified funds u/s 17, to effect an assurance on the life of an assessee or to effect a contract for an annuity.
VI. The value of any specified security or sweat equity shares allotted or transferred, directly or indirectly, by the employer, or former employer, free of cost or at concessional rate to the employee and for this purpose,
(a) ―specified security means the securities as defined in section 2(h) of the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 and, where employees‘ stock option has been granted under any plan or scheme therefor, includes the securities offered under such plan or scheme;
(b) ―sweat equity shares means equity shares issued by a company to its employees or directors at a discount or for consideration other than cash for providing know-how or making available rights in the nature of intellectual property rights or value additions, by whatever name called;
(c) the value of any specified security or sweat equity shares shall be the fair market value of the specified security or sweat equity shares, as the case may be, on the date on which the option is exercised by the assessee as reduced by the amount actually paid by, or recovered from the assessee in respect of such security or shares;
(d) ―fair market value means the value determined in accordance with the method as may be prescribed (refer Rule 3(9) of the IT Rules);
(e) ―option means a right but not an obligation granted to an employee to apply for the specified security or sweat equity shares at a predetermined price;
VII. The amount of any contribution to an approved superannuation fund by the employer in respect of the assessee, to the extent it exceeds one lakh rupees; and
VIII The value of any other fringe benefit or amenity as prescribed in Rule 3.
5.2.2A Rules for valuation of such benefit or amenity as given in Rule 3 are as under : –
I. Residential Accommodation provided by the employer [Rule 3(1)]:-
“Accommodation” includes a house, flat, farm house or part thereof, hotel accommodation, motel, service apartment, guest house, a caravan, mobile home, ship or other floating structure.
A. For valuation of the perquisite of rent free unfurnished accommodation, all employees are divided into two categories:
(i) For employees of the Central and State governments the value of perquisite shall be equal to the licence fee charged for such accommodation as reduced by the rent actually paid by the employee. Employees of autonomous, semi-autonomous institutions, PSUs/PSEs & subsidiaries, Universities, etc. are not covered under this method valuation.
(ii) For all others, i.e., those salaried taxpayers not in employment of the Central government and the State government, the valuation of perquisite in respect of accommodation would be at prescribed rates, as discussed below:
a) Where the accommodation provided to the employee is owned by the employer:
|Cities having population as per the 2001 census||Perquisite|
Exceeds 25 lakh
|15% of salary|
|Exceeds 10 lakhs but does not exceed 25 lakhs||10% of salary|
For other places
|7.5 % of salary|
b) Where the accommodation so provided is taken on lease/ rent by the employer:
The prescribed rate is 15% of the salary or the actual amount of lease rental payable by the employer, whichever is lower, as reduced by any amount of rent paid by the employee. Meaning of ‗Salary ‗for the purpose of calculation of perquisite in respect of Residential Accommodation:
a. Basic Salary;
b. Dearness Allowance, or Dearness Pay if it enters into the computation of superannuation or retirement benefit of the employees;
f. All other taxable allowances (excluding the portion not taxable); and
g. Any monetary payment which is chargeable to tax (by whatever name called).
Salary from all employers shall be taken into consideration in respect of the period during which an accommodation is provided. Where on account of the transfer of an employee from one place to another, he is provided with accommodation at the new place of posting while retaining the accommodation at the other place, the value of perquisite shall be determined with reference to only one such accommodation which has the lower value for a period not exceeding 90 days and thereafter the value of perquisite shall be charged for both such accommodation.
B Valuation of the perquisite of furnished accommodation- the value of perquisite as determined by the above method (in A) shall be increased by-
i) 10% of the cost of furniture, appliances and equipments, or
ii) where the furniture, appliances and equipments have been taken on hire, by the amount of actual hire charges payable and the value so arrived shall be reduced by any charges paid by the employee himself.
It is added that where the accommodation is provided by the Central Government or any State Government to an employee who is serving on deputation with anybody or undertaking under the control of such Government,-
(i). the employer of such an employee shall be deemed to be that body or undertaking where the employee is serving on deputation; and
(ii). the value of perquisite of such an accommodation shall be the amount calculated in accordance with Table in A(ii)(a) above, as if the accommodation is owned by the employer.
C. Furnished Accommodation in a Hotel:
The value of perquisite shall be determined on the basis of lower of the following two:
1. 24% of salary paid or payable in respect of period during which the accommodation is provided; or
2. Actual charges paid or payable by the employer to such hotel,
for the period during which such accommodation is provided as reduced by any rent actually paid or payable by the employee.
However, nothing in C shall be taxable if following two conditions are satisfied:
1. The hotel accommodation is provided for a total period not exceeding in aggregate 15 days in a previous year, and
2. Such accommodation is provided on an employee‘s transfer from one place to another place.
It may be clarified that while services provided as an integral part of the accommodation, need not be valued separately as perquisite, any other services over and above that for which the employer makes payment or reimburses the employee shall be valued as a perquisite as per the residual clause. In other words, composite tariff for accommodation will be valued as per the Rules and any other charges for other facilities provided by the hotel will be separately valued under the residual clause.
D. However, the value of any accommodation provided to an employee working at a mining site or an on-shore oil exploration site or a project execution site or a dam site or a power generation site or an off-shore site will not be treated as a perquisite if:
i) such accommodation is located in a ―remote area or
ii) where it is not located in a ―remote area, the accommodation is of a temporary nature having plinth area of not more than 800 square feet and should not be located within 8 kilometers of the local limits of any municipality or cantonment board.
A project execution site here means a site of project up to the stage of its commissioning. A “remote area” means an area located at least 40 kilometers away from a town having a population not exceeding 20,000 as per the latest published all-India census.
II Perquisite on Motor car provided by the Employer [ Rule 3(2)]:
(1) If an employer provides motor car facility to his employee the value of such perquisite shall be:
a) Nil, if the motor car is used by the employee wholly and exclusively in the performance of his official duties.
b) Actual expenditure incurred by the employer on the running and maintenance of motor car including remuneration to chauffeur as increased by the amount representing normal wear and tear of the motor car and as reduced by any amount charged from the employee for such use (in case the motor car is exclusively for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household).
c) Rs. 1800/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month (in case the motor car is used partly in performance of duties and partly for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household if the expenses on maintenance and running of motor car are met or reimbursed by the employer). However, the value of perquisite will be Rs. 2400/-(plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month if the cubic capacity of engine of the motor car exceeds 1.6 litres.
d) Rs. 600/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month (In case the motor car is used partly in performance of duties and partly for private or personal purposes of the employee or any member of his household if the expenses on maintenance and running of motor car for such private or personal use are fully met by the employee). However, the value of perquisite will be Rs. 900/- (plus Rs. 900/-, if chauffeur is also provided) per month if the cubic capacity of engine of the motor car exceeds 1.6 litres.
(2) If the motor car or any other automotive conveyance is owned by the employee but the actual running and maintenance charges are met or reimbursed by the employer, the method of valuation of perquisite value is different and as below:
a) where the motor car or any other automotive conveyance is owned by the employee but actual maintenance & running expenses (including chauffeur salary, if any) are met or reimbursed by the employer, no perquisite shall be chargeable to tax if the car is used wholly and exclusively for official purposes. However following compliances are necessary:
The employer has maintained complete details of the journey undertaken for official purposes;
The employer gives a certificate that the expenditure was incurred wholly for official duties.
However if the motor car is used partly for official or partly for private purposes then the amount of perquisite shall be the actual expenditure incurred by the employer as reduced by the amounts in c) referred to in (1) above.
Normal wear and tear of the motor shall be taken at 10 % per annum of the actual cost of the motor car.
III Personal attendants etc. [Rule 3(3)]: The value of free service of all personal attendants including a sweeper, gardener and a watchman is to be taken at actual cost to the employer. Where the attendant is provided at the residence of the employee, full cost will be taxed as perquisite in the hands of the employee irrespective of the degree of personal service rendered to him. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the above amount.
IV Gas, electricity & water for household consumption [Rule 3(4)]:The value of perquisite in the nature of gas, electricity and water shall be the amount paid by the employer to the agency supplying the gas, electric energy or water. Where the supply is made from the employer’s own resources, the manufacturing cost per unit incurred by the employer would be taken for the valuation of perquisite. Any amount paid by the employee for such facilities or services shall be reduced from the perquisite value.
V Free or concessional education [Rule 3(5)]: Perquisite on account of free or concessional education for any member of the employee‘s household shall be determined as the sum equal to the amount of expenditure incurred by the employer in that behalf. However, where such educational institution itself is maintained and owned by the employer or where such free educational facilities are provided in any institution by reason of his being in employment of that employer, the value of the perquisite to the employee shall be determined with reference to the cost of such education in a similar institution in or near the locality if the cost of such education or such benefit per child exceeds Rs.1000/- p.m. The value of perquisite shall be reduced by the amount, if any, paid or recovered from the employee.
VI Carriage of Passenger Goods [Rule 3(6)]: The value of any benefit or amenity resulting from the provision by an employer, who is engaged in the carriage of passengers or goods, to any employee or to any member of his household for personal or private journey free of cost or at concessional fare, in any conveyance owned, leased or made available by any other arrangement by such employer for the purpose of transport of passengers or goods shall be taken to be the value at which such benefit or amenity is offered by such employer to the public as reduced by the amount, if any, paid by or recovered from the employee for such benefit or amenity. This will not apply to the employees of any airline or the railways.
VII Interest free or concessional loans [Rule 3(7)(i)]: It is common practice, particularly in financial institutions, to provide interest free or concessional loans to employees or any member of his household. The value of perquisite arising from such loans would be the excess of interest payable at prescribed interest rate over interest, if any, actually paid by the employee or any member of his household. The prescribed interest rate would be the rate charged per annum by the State Bank of India as on the 1st day of the relevant financial year in respect of loans of same type and for the same purpose advanced by it to the general public. Perquisite value would be calculated on the basis of the maximum outstanding monthly balance method. For valuing perquisites under this rule, any other method of calculation and adjustment otherwise adopted by the employer shall not be relevant. However, small loans up to Rs. 20,000/- in the aggregate are exempt.
Loans for medical treatment of diseases specified in Rule 3A are also exempt, provided the amount of loan for medical reimbursement is not reimbursed under any medical insurance scheme. Where any medical insurance reimbursement is received, the perquisite value at the prescribed rate shall be charged from the date of reimbursement on the amount reimbursed, but not repaid against the outstanding loan taken specifically for this purpose.