Part A of Form-16 for Income Tax Deductions – Manually prepared Form-16 not valid from 2012-13 – Employer should generate TDS Certificate online
In respect of Form-16 issued by an Employer to the employee (certifying the income tax deductions made and the income of the employee during a financial year), a major change has been made by income tax department. A simplified summary of this new procedure is as follows.
Income Tax deductions for the income from Salary is covered by Section 192 of the Income Tax 1961
We all know Section 192 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 deals with Income Tax deduction from Salaries in respect of Salaried Class Employees, while income tax deductions from income other than salary are covered by provisions of Chapter XVII-B of the Act.
Consolidation of income tax deductions from Salary (Part-A) and income from Salaries (Part-B) is given in a form of certificate Called “Form-16” by an employer.
This is the certificate of income tax deductions from income other than salary, issued by the person who is deducting the relevant income tax deductions from the income of an Assessee.
TDS certificate in FORM-16A generated through Income Tax Department Website (https://www.tdscpc.gov.in/) is Mandatory:
As per Circular No. 03/2011 dated 13.05.2011 and Circular No. 01/2012 dated 09.04.2012 TDS certificate in Form No. 16A after generating and downloading the same from “TDS Reconciliation Analysis and Correction Enabling System” (https://www.tdscpc.gov.in/) is mandatory. In other words, manually prepared Form-16A is not valid.
Now, Part-A of Form-16 generated through Income Tax Department Website has been made Mandatory:
As per Circular No: 04/2013 dated 17.04.2013, Part-A of Form-16 which is a statement of Income Tax deducted from the salary of an employee by the employee for making payment to Income tax department has to be generated only through TRACES Portal (https://www.tdscpc.gov.in/) of income tax department. In other words, Part-A of Form-16 prepared manually is not valid.
However, Part-B of Form-16 which is the statement of income of an employee can be prepared by employers themselves.
This procedure of generating online Part-A of Form-16 will be applicable for the income deductions made on or after 01.04.2012.
Full Text of Income Tax Circular No: 04/2013 dated 17.02.2013 is as follows.
F.No 275/34/2011-IT(B)Government of IndiaMinistry of FinanceDepartment of RevenueCentral Board of Direct TaxesNew Delhi, the 17th April, 2013Sub: Issuance of certificate for tax deducted at source in Form No. 16 in accordance with the provisions of section 203 of the Income-tax Act, 1961 read with the Rule 31 of the Income-tax Rules 1962 — regarding1. Section 203 of the Income-tax Act 1961 (“the Act”) read with the Rule 31 of the Income-tax Rules 1962 (“the Rules”) stipulates furnishing of certificate of tax deduction at source (TDS) by the deductor to the deductee specifying therein the prescribed particulars such as amount of TDS, valid permanent account number (PAN) of the deductee, tax deduction and collection account number (TAN) of the deductor, etc. The relevant form for such TDS certificate is Form No. 16 in case of deduction under section 192 and Form No. 16A for deduction under any other provision of Chapter XVII-B of the Act. TDS certificate in Form No. 16 is to be issued annually whereas TDS certificate in Form No. 16A is to be issued quarterly. TDS Certificate in Form No 16 as notified vide Notification No. 11/2013 dated 19.02.2013 has two parts viz Part A and Part B (Annexure). Part A contains details of tax deduction and deposit and Part B (Annexure) contains details of income.2. With a view to streamline the TDS procedures, including proper administration of the Act, the Board had issued Circular No. 03/2011 dated 13.05.2011 and Circular No. 01/2012 dated 09.04.2012 making it mandatory for all deductors to issue TDS certificate in Form No. 16A after generating and downloading the same from “TDS Reconciliation Analysis and Correction Enabling System” or (Error! Hyperlink reference not valid., previously called TIN web- site. In exercise of powers under section 119 of the Act, the Board has now decided as following:-2.1 ISSUE OF PART A OF FORM NO. 16 FOR DEDUCTION OF TAX AT SOURCE MADE ON OR AFTER 01.04.2012:All deductors (including Government deductors who deposit TDS in the Central Government Account through book entry) shall issue the Part A of Form No. 16, by generating and subsequently downloading through TRACES Portal, in respect of all sums deducted on or after the 1st day of April, 2012 under the provisions of section 192 of Chapter XVII-B. Part A of Form No 16 shall have a unique TDS certificate number.2.2 AUTHENTICATION OF TDS CERTIFICATE IN FORM NO. 16:The deductor, issuing the Part A of Form No. 16 by downloading it from the TRACES Portal, shall, before issuing to the deductee authenticate the correctness of contentsmentioned therein and verify the same either by using manual signature or by using digital signature in accordance with sub-rule (6) of Rule 31.2.3 In other words, Part A of Form No. 16 shall be issued by all the deductors, only by generating it through TRACES Portal and after duly authenticating and verifying it.2.4 ‘Part B (Annexure)’ of Form No. 16 shall be prepared by the deductor manually and issued to the deductee after due authentication and verification alongwith the Part A of the Form No. 16 stated above.2.5 Sub rule (3) of rule 31of the Rules sets the time limit for issuance of Form 16 by the deductor to the employee. Currently, Form 16 should be issued by 31st May of the financial Year immediately following the financial year in which income was paid and tax deducted.3.1 The Director General of Income-tax (Systems) shall specify the procedure, formats and standards for the purpose of download of Part A of Form No. 16 from the TRACES Portal and shall be responsible for the day-to-day administration in relation to the procedure, formats and standards for download of Part A of Form No. 16 in electronic form.3.2 It is further clarified that Part A of Form No. 16 issued by the deductors in accordance with this circular and as per the procedure, formats and standards specified by the Director General of Income-tax (Systems) and containing Unique Identification Number shall only be treated as a valid compliance to the issue of Part A of Form No. 16 for the purpose of section 203 of the Act read with rule 31 of the Rules.4. Hindi version shall follow.-sd-(Anshu Prakash)Director (Budget)Central Board of Direct Taxes