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Income Tax 2014-15 – Expectations of Salaried Employees on Income Tax Front in the ensuing Budget 2014-15
1. Increase in Income Tax Slabs,
2. Increase in limit for savings under Section 80C,
3. Hike in Limit for Interest on Housing Loan,
4. More Income Tax Concession to Health Insurance Premium Paid under Section 80 D
5. Increase in the limit of IT exemption on Transpost Allowance from Rs. 800 PM to Rs. 2500 PM
For millions of Indians, budget announcements are just about whether taxes have gone up or down, but this year, the excitement among taxpayers is palpable as the new Modi government is expected to fulfill its promise of “acche din”.
According to Barclays, corporate and personal income taxes are on the high side in India compared with most of its peer economies, while the breadth of its tax net is relatively narrow. High earners in the country pay more taxes (34 per cent) than their counterparts in Singapore (20 per cent) and Canada (29 per cent), and only marginally less than high earners in the US (40 per cent).
Surely, there is a case for Finance Minister Arun Jaitley to rationalise taxes in his maiden budget. However, the FM will also have an eye on the precarious state of government finance. India is in the midst of its worst economic slowdown in over 25 years, which means the government does not have many levers to raise revenues to compensate for any shortfall in tax collections.
1. Raise income tax slabs:
Currently, there is no tax for income up to Rs. 2 lakh. According to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), exemption limit on income tax should be hiked to Rs. 3 lakh. Deutsche Bank says any increase in income tax slabs will lower tax outgo and increase disposable income. The move may lead to increased spending needed at a time when the Indian economy is facing its worst slowdown in over 25 years.
Probability=low. Personal income tax is an important revenue source for the government. According to Edelweiss, income tax contributed to 2.1 per cent of India’s GDP in financial year 2013-14, i.e. roughly the same amount the government spent towards food, fuel and fertiliser subsidies in the same year.
If Mr Jaitley raises tax slabs, he will have to make up for revenues by i) cutting subsidies, which would be politically tough; ii) hiking corporate tax, which will again be difficult because of the economic slowdown; iii) hiking indirect taxes, which will fuel inflation and hurt the economy.
So, analysts say Mr Jaitley may settle for status quo as far as raising tax slabs is concerned.
2. Hike deduction limit under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act:
This section gives tax breaks to long-term financial savings instruments such as housing loan repayment, five-year and above tenure fixed deposits, provident funds (PFs) and life insurance policy premiums. According to Ambit, Mr Jaitley should incentivize financial savings by expanding the current Section 80C limit from Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 1.50 lakh. PwC has called for doubling of deduction under 80C to Rs. 2 lakh. An increase in 80C limits will increase domestic savings, which can be utilised for infrastructure development.
Probability=low to moderate. A Rs. 1 lakh hike in 80C limit will lead to a revenue loss of Rs. 30,000 crore.
3. Increase in exemption limit for housing loan interest:
Currently, interest up to Rs. 1.50 lakh on home loan for self-occupied property is tax free. Analysts say the current ceiling should go up toRs. 4 lakh or Rs. 5 lakh to account for the sharp rise in property prices over the last ten years. Enhancing interest exemption limit will increase affordability and benefit the entire real estate sector, which contributes nearly 6 per cent to the GDP.
Probability=low. Property prices have not corrected despite severe slowdown and rising inventories. The move may help developers more than buyers.
4. Up medical reimbursements to Rs. 50,000 from Rs. 15,000 now, conveyance allowance to Rs. 2,500 from the present Rs. 800:
Limits on these sub-heads have not changed for the last many years and have lost their relevance. Healthcare costs have gone up substantially and so have fuel costs, necessitating a rethink over these exemptions.
Probability=low to moderate. Mr Jaitley may consider raising medical and conveyance limits if he does not make major changes in the above three laws.
5. Increase tax on high earners:
Currently, individuals (42,800 to be precise) whose taxable income exceeds Rs. 1 crore, have to pay a surcharge of 10 per cent. Mr Jaitley may increase the tax rate on these high earners or may impose even higher tax on people earning more than Rs. 10 crore annually to compensate for revenue shortfall for any of the above-mentioned sops.
Probability=low to moderate. Ambit says the government may create a fourth income tax slab at a higher rate.
The government can also announce changes in indirect taxes that will impact many consumers. Mr Jaitley is expected to slash duty on gold, which currently stands at 10 per cent. Gold duty was hiked to dis-incentivize imports and bring down current account deficit. Both objectives have been met. Excise duty on cigarettes may go up by 15-20 per cent, analysts say. This will make cigarettes and other tobacco products costlier.
Probability=high. Health Minister Harsh Vardhan has been repeatedly demanding a substantial hike in excise duty on cigarettes and other tobacco products.
Source : NDTV