Central Government Employment News, 7th Pay Commission, MACP, LTC, CGHS, Railways, Bank News, CPSE, NPS, Pension, DOPT and More

Budget 2016 – Tax Treatment on Provident Funds, Pension Fund and NPS

Rationalisation of tax treatment of Recognised Provident Funds, Pension Funds and National Pension Scheme.

 

BUDGET 2016-17

FINANCE BILL 2016

Rationalisation of tax treatment of Recognised Provident Funds, Pension Funds and National Pension Scheme

Provident Funds are to be subjected to Income Tax on EET basis at par with NPSUnder the existing provisions of the Income-tax Act, tax treatment for the National Pension System (NPS) referred to in section 80CCD is Exempt, Exempt and Tax (EET) i.e., the monthly/periodic contributions during the pension accumulation phase are allowed as deduction from income for tax purposes; the returns generated on these contributions during the accumulation phase are also exempt from tax; however, the terminal benefits on exit or superannuation, in the form of lump sum withdrawals, are taxable in the hands of the individual subscriber or his nominee in the year of receipt of such amounts.

However, commutation of Government Pension and superannuation fund is exempt from taxation. The monthly contribution, annual accrued income, advances/ withdrawals for specific purposes and final withdrawal from the Recognised Provident Funds (RPFs) on superannuation are also accorded EEE status i.e. Exempt, Exempt, Exempt.

In order to bring greater parity in tax treatment of different types of pension plans, it is proposed to amend section 10 so as to provide that in respect of the contributions made on or after the 1stday of April, 2016 by an employee participating in a recognised provident fund and superannuation fund, up to 40 % of the accumulated balance attributable to such contributions on withdrawal shall be exempt from tax.

Under the existing provisions, any payment from an approved superannuation fund made to an employee in lieu of or in commutation of an annuity on his retirement at or after a specified age or on his becoming incapacitated prior to such retirement is exempt from tax.

It is proposed to amend the said provisions so as to provide that any payment in commutation of an annuity purchased out of contributions made on or after the 1st day of April, 2016, which exceeds forty per cent of the annuity, shall be chargeable to tax.

Under the existing provisions of section 80CCD, any payment from National Pension System Trust to an employee on account of closure or his opting out of the pension scheme is chargeable to tax.

It is proposed to provide that any payment from National Pension System Trust to an employee on account of closure or his opting out of the pension scheme referred to in Section 80CCD, to the extent it does not exceed forty percent of the total amount payable to him at the time of closure or his opting out of the scheme, shall be exempt from tax. However, the whole amount received by the nominee, on death of the assessee shall be exempt from tax.

Under section 17, perquisite includes the amount of any contribution exceeding one lakh rupees to an approved superannuation fund by the employer in the hands of the assessee.

Under the Part A of Fourth Schedule to the Income-tax Act contributions made by employer to the credit of an employee participating in a recognised provident fund, which are in excess of twelve percent of the salary of the employee, are liable to tax in the hands of the employee. However, there is no monetary limit for the contribution made by the employer though there is a monetary ceiling for employee’s contribution.

The limit of contribution by the employee eligible under section 80C of the Act has been increased from one lakh rupees to one lakh and fifty thousand rupees vide Finance Act(No.2), 2014. Therefore, in order to bring parity in the monetary limit for contribution by the employer and the employee, it is proposed to amend the said section and said schedule so as to provide the limit of employer’s contribution to one lakh and fifty thousand rupees, without attracting tax.

Further with a view to bring all the pension plans under one umberalla, it is also proposed to amend:-

(i) the said schedule so as to provide exemption to one-time portability from a recognised provident fund to National Pension System;

(ii) clause (13) of section 10 so as to provide that any payment from an approved superannuation fund by way of transfer to the account of the employee under NPS referred to in section 80CCD and notified by the Central Government shall be exempt from tax.

These amendments are proposed to be made effective from the 1st day of April, 2017 and shall accordingly apply in relation to assessment year 2017-18 and subsequent years.

[Clause 7, 9, 36 & 112]

Clause 7. In section 10 of the Income-tax Act,- (A) with effect from the 1st day of April, 2017,-

(i) in clause (12), the following shall be inserted, namely:-

‘Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in respect of any amount of accumulated balance, attributable to any contributions made on or after the 1st day of April, 2016 by an employee other than an excluded employee, exceeding forty per cent. of such accumulated balance due and payable in accordance with provisions of rule 8 of Part A of the Fourth Schedule.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, the term “excluded employee” means an employee whose monthly salary does not exceed such amount, as may be prescribed;

(ii) after clause (12), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

(12A) any payment from the National Pension System Trust to an employee on closure of his account or on his opting out of the pension scheme referred to in section 80CCD, to the extent it does not exceed forty per cent. of the total amount payable to him at the time of such closure or his opting out of the scheme;”;

(iii) in clause (13),-

(I) in sub-clause (ii),-

(a) the word “or” occurring at the end shall be omitted;

(b) the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided that any payment in lieu of or in commutation of an annuity purchased out of contributions made on or after the 1st day of April, 2016, where it exceeds forty per cent. of the annuity, shall be taken into account in computing the total income; or”;

(II) in sub-clause (iv), for the word “thereon”, the words “thereon; or” shall be substituted;

(III) after sub-clause (iv), the following sub-clause shall be inserted, namely:-

“(v) by way of transfer to the account of the employee under a pension scheme referred to in section 80-CCD and notified by the Central Government;”;

(B) in clause (15), in sub-clause (vi), after the words and figures “Gold Deposit Scheme, 1999”, the words and figures “or deposit certificates issued under the Gold Monetisation Scheme, 2015” shall be inserted;

(C) with effect from the 1st day of April, 2017,-

(I) in clause (23DA), in the Explanation,-

(1) in clause (a), after sub-clause (i), the following sub-clause shall be inserted, namely:-

“(ia) in clause (z) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002; or”;

(2) in clause (b), for the word, figures and letters “section 115TC”, the word, figures and letters “section 115TCA” shall be substituted;

(II) in clause (23FC), for the words “by way of interest received or receivable from a special purpose vehicle”, the following shall be substituted, namely:-

“by way of—

(a) interest received or receivable from a special purpose vehicle; or

(b) dividend referred to in sub-section (7) of section 115-O”;

(III) in clause (23FD), for the words, brackets, figures and letters “in clause (23FC)”, the words, brackets, letters and figures “in sub-clause (a) of clause (23FC)” shall be substituted;

(IV) in clause (34), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided that nothing in this clause shall apply to any income by way of dividend chargeable to tax in accordance with the provisions of section 115BBDA;”;

(V) in clause (35A),-

(a) before the Explanation, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided that nothing contained in this clause shall apply to any income by way of distributed income referred to in the said section, received on or after the 1st day of June, 2016.”;

(b) in the Explanation, for the word, figures and letters “section 115TC”, the word, figures and letters “section 115TCA” shall be substituted;

(VI) in clause (38),-

(i) after the second proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-

“Provided also that nothing contained in sub-clause (b) shall apply to a transaction undertaken on a recognised stock exchange located in any International Financial Services Centre and where the consideration for such transaction is paid or payable in foreign currency.”;

(ii) for the Explanation, the following Explanation shall be substituted, namely:-

‘Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause,-

(a) “equity oriented fund” means a fund –

(i) where the investible funds are invested by way of equity shares in domestic companies to the extent of more than sixty-five per cent. of the total proceeds of such fund; and

(ii) which has been set up under a scheme of a Mutual Fund specified under clause (23D):

Provided that the percentage of equity share holding of the fund shall be computed with reference to the annual average of the monthly averages of the opening and closing figures;

(b) “International Financial Services Centre” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (q) of section 2 of the Special Economic Zones Act, 2005;

(c) “recognised stock exchange” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (ii) of the Explanation 1 to sub-section (5) of section 43.’;

(D) after clause (48), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

“(48A) any income accruing or arising to a foreign company on account of storage of crude oil in a facility in India and sale of crude oil therefrom to any person resident in India:

Provided that –

(i) the storage and sale by the foreign company is pursuant to an agreement or an arrangement entered into by the Central Government or approved by the Central Government; and

(ii) having regard to the national interest, the foreign company and the agreement or arrangement are notified by the Central Government in this behalf;”;

(E) after clause (49), the following clause shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of June,

2016, namely:-

‘(50) any income arising from any specified service provided on or after the date on which the provisions of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2016 comes into force and chargeable to equalisation levy under that Chapter.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, “specified service” shall have the meaning assigned to it in clause (i) of section 161 of Chapter VIII of the Finance Act, 2016.’.

Clause 9. In section 17 of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (2), in clause (vii), for the words “one lakh rupees”, the words “one lakh and fifty thousand rupees” shall be substituted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2017.

Clause 36. In section 80CCD of the Income-tax Act, in sub-section (3), the following proviso shall be inserted with effect from the 1st day of April, 2017, namely:-

“Provided that the amount received by the nominee, on the death of the assessee, under the circumstances referred to in clause (a), shall not be deemed to be the income of the nominee.”.

Amendment of Fourth Schedule.
Clause 112. In the Fourth Schedule to the Income-tax Act, in Part A, with effect from the 1st day of
April, 2017,-

(a) in rule 6, in clause (a), after the word “employee”, the words “or one hundred and fifty thousand
rupees, whichever is less” shall be inserted;

(b) in rule 8,-

(i) in clause (iii), for the words “such other employer” occurring at the end, the words “such other employer; or” shall be substituted;

(ii) after clause (iii) and before the Explanation, the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-

(iv) if the entire balance standing to the credit of the employee is transferred to his account under a pension scheme referred to in section 80CCD and notified by the Central Government.”.

Source : http://indiabudget.nic.in/

Comments
Loading...
;