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7th Pay Commission – Interesting Stats Which Everyone Ignored – The Ministry of Science & Technology has 47% vacancies followed by Ministry of Finance at 46%. The other ministries that have more than 40% vacancies include Power, Civil Aviation, AYUSH, Minority Affairs & Corporate Affairs.
The Seventh Central Pay Commission(CPC) submitted its report recently. Among other things, it fixed the minimum pay in the central government at Rs 18,000/- and the maximum pay at Rs 2,25,000 at the apex level and Rs 2,50,000 for the Cabinet Secretary, Defence Chiefs etc. Here is a look at some of the interesting statistics from this report.
18% Vacancies in the Central Government
As per the CPC report, the sanctioned strength of all the departments of Government of India (including Railways) is 40.48 lakh as of 1st January 2014. Out of the sanctioned strength, only 33.01 lakh are in position, while the rest of the 7.47 lakh are lying vacant. In other words, there is are 18% vacancies in the government of India.
The Ministry of Science & Technology has 47% vacancies followed by Ministry of Finance at 46%. The other ministries that have more than 40% vacancies include Power, Civil Aviation, AYUSH, Minority Affairs & Corporate Affairs. The Election Commission also has 43% vacancies.
Railways has the largest employees – over 13 lakh people
Of all the ministries, the Railways has the largest number of employees with over 13 lakh followed by the Ministry of Home Affairs with over 9 lakh employees, with bulk of them from the Central Reserve forces. The Ministry of Defence has close to 4 lakh employees (excluding the military personnel). The Ministry of Communications & Information Technology has close to 2 lakh employees with bulk of them from the Department of Posts. The Ministry of Finance has close to a lakh employees with bulk of them from the Central Board of Direct Taxes and Central Excise & Customs. The Delhi Police has more than 70000 employees.
The Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation has the least number of employees with just 78 followed by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj with 82 employees. This is because both the ministries are not directly implementing any scheme, but are only funding the states.
Group C – Constitutes 89% of the Total Strength
All Central Government civil posts are categorised under the Central Civil Services Rules, 1965 into three categories- Group `A’ (including the All India Service Officers), Group `B’ and Group `C’. This classification broadly corresponds to the rank, status and the degree of the level of responsibility attached to the posts. Group `A’ posts carry higher administrative and executive responsibilities and include senior management positions in the ministries/departments and field organisations. The middle and junior levels of Group `A’ along with Group `B’ constitute middle management. Group `C’ posts perform supervisory as well as operative tasks and render clerical assistances in ministries and field organisations. As per the CPC report, close to 88% of all the employees is Group C while only 3% is Group A and 9% from Group B.
The ministry of Railways has the highest number of Group C employees (close to 99%). Only 1% of the railway employees are from Group A & B. The Ministry of Home Affairs has 92% from Group C.
There are some Ministries/Departments that defy this trend and have a large number of employees in Group A. Department of Space has 57% Group A employees and same is the case with Department of Electronics & IT.
Employee Age Profile
There is more or less an even spread of employees in different age groups. 22% of the employees are between 20 and 30 years while an equal percentage are between 30 and 40 years. 26% of the employees are between 40 and 50 years while the remaining 29% are between 50 and 60 years.
There are stark differences within ministries in the age profile of employees. The Ministry of Home Affairs has the highest percentage of employees in the 20 to 30 years bracket at 40%. This could be due to the fact that most of them come from the central armed forces. The Ministry of Petroleum & Ministry of Textiles, both have just 2% employees each in this age group.
In the 30 to 40 years age group, Ministry of Youth Affairs has the highest percentage at 29% and Ministry of Coal has the least at 7%. In the 40 to 50 years age group, Ministry of Tourism has the highest percentage with a whopping 65% while the Ministry of Textiles has the least percentage at 15%.
In the 50 to 60 years age group, Ministry of Textiles has the highest at 75%. Coupled with the other figures, 90% of the employees in the Ministry of Textiles are above 40 years. The Ministry of Home Affairs has only 7% employees in this age group.
Expenditure on Pay & Allowances
The Government of India extends various types of allowances to the employees apart from their regular pay. The government expenditure on pay & allowances has been steadily growing. From 51664 crore rupees in 2007-08, the expenditure went up to 129599 crore rupees in 2012-13, an increase of more than 150%. The growth has been steady except in 2010-11 where it increased only marginally.
Of the total expenditure, the highest expenditure is on the Ministry of Railways, followed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. This is only natural because they employ the maximum number of people.
Per Capita Expenditure on Pay & Allowances
The per capita expenditure on pay & allowances indicates that the government has spent Rs 3.92 lakh per employee during the financial year 2012-13 towards pay and allowances.
The highest per capita expenditure on pay & allowances is for the employees of the Ministry of External Affairs at Rs 34.95 lakh per annum. This is an aberration since it also includes pay & allowances paid abroad. Second in the list is Ministry of Renewable Energy with 10.65 lakh rupees followed by Ministry of Food Processing at 8.29 lakh rupees. Department of Electronics & IT and Ministry of Power make up the top five. The per capita expenditure for these departments & ministries is substantially higher than the average.
While the Ministry of Railways & Home Affairs have seen the highest expenditure for pay & allowances, their per capita expenditure compared to the average is not the highest. The average pay & allowances was least for the Ministry of Railways at Rs 2.97 lakh while it was Rs 4.18 lakh for Ministry of Home Affairs.