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The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, (as per section 7) lays down that the Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, constitute one or more Labour Courts for the adjudication of industrial disputes and for performing such other functions as may be assigned to them under this Act. Thus, the primary function of Labour Courts is to adjudicate on industrial disputes. So long as industrial disputes continue to exist, labour courts cannot become irrelevant.
As per the provisions, the Central Government has set up 22 Central Government Industrial Tribunals-cum-Labour Courts (CGIT-cum-LCs) for resolution of industrial disputes arising in Central Sphere. A system of link officers has been put in place so that judicial work does not suffer in case the post of Presiding Officer of CGIT-cum-LC remains vacant due to administrative exigency.
A Scheme of Holding of Lok Adalats as an “Alternative Grievance Redressal Mechanism” was introduced in the Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-07) for speedy disposal of industrial disputes in the CGIT-cum-LCs. The Ministry organizes conference of Presiding Officers from time to time to explore strategies for speedy and effective disposal of industrial disputes.
The above details were given byShri. Mallikarjun Kharge, Minister of Labour and Employment while replying to a written question in the Lok Sabha.